1      demography

1.1   Population

The development of a particular city, town or a region depends upon natural, physical and socio-economic factors. Among these factors the population assumes significance in determining the future pattern of progress and development.

Shimla Planning Area (SPA), the only Class I city in the Himachal Pradesh, has a population of 1,74,789 persons (2001 census), which accounts for 24% population of the Shimla district. The population of SPA has increased from 1,29,827 persons in 1991 to 1,74,789 in 2001, recording a decadal growth rate of 34.63 percent. During the past few decades, the city's population has grown at a faster pace than the corresponding state average. The settlement-wise description of population as per 2001 Census is presented in Table 4.1.

Table  STYLEREF 1 \s 1. SEQ Table \* ARABIC \s 1 1  Settlement wise population of Shimla

Settlement

No. of HH

Population

% of Total

Shimla Municipal Corporation including Tutu, New Shimla & Dhalli

37756

142555

82%

SA Ghanahatti

2651

10185

6%

SA Kufri

2426

10720

6%

SA Shoghi

2330

11329

6%

Total SPA Area

45163

174789

100%

Source: Census of India, 2001

About 82% of whole population of SPA lives in Municipal Corporation, Shimla including Dhalli, Tutu, and New Shimla. As per the Census 2001, Dhalli, Tutu and New Shimla urban agglomerations were part of Municipal Corporation and later notified under Special Areas having a total population of 13.83 % of the total population of Municipal Corporation. In August 2006, these Special Areas were again merged back into Municipal Corporation. Besides, 12% population of total SPA Area lives in Kufri and Shoghi Special Areas and 6 % population lives in newly constituted Ghanahatti Special Area. 

1.2   Floating Population

As per Census analysis (Refer Table 4.2), it has been observed that the growth rate of floating population has shown a little downward trend, while the total number of floating population has increased due to Shimla being a service city as well as tourist destination.

Table  STYLEREF 1 \s 1. SEQ Table \* ARABIC \s 1 2  Floating Population of Shimla- Existing and Projected

Year

Floating Population

% Decadal Growth Rate

1971

23459

36.00

1981

30000

31.74

1991

40000

31.70

2001*

56000

40.00

2011*

76000

35.00

2021*

100000

31.00

* Projected     Source: Town and Country Planning Department, Shimla

1.3   Literacy, Sex Ratio And Age Composition

Shimla, being the traditional educational centre since the British days, has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 59.5%.

The sex ratio of SPA is 767 as against 896 of the Shimla district. Being a service city, males are involved in service sector and majority of them keep their families at their native places. The Age composition of SPA is given in Table 4.3.

Table  STYLEREF 1 \s 1. SEQ Table \* ARABIC \s 1 3  Age composition of population of Shimla

SL.NO.

AGE GROUP

% OF TOTAL POPULATION

1

Below 5 Years

8

2

6 – 15 years

20

3

16 – 45 Years

55

4

45 – 59 Years

11

5

60 – above

6

Source: Town and Country Planning Department, Shimla

1.4   Occupational Structure

The capacity of a city to provide employment opportunities and absorb the workforce in various sector of economy is an index of prosperity.

The participation ratio gives an idea of the share of gainfully employed population against the dependent and non-working population. As per 2001 census, there are 54404 workers. Out of total workforce, there are 52209 main workers and 1595 marginal workers. The category wise workforce is given in Figure 4.1.

1.5   Population Projection

It is assumed that population of SPA is anticipated to increase at the rate of 35 % during the decades of 2011 and 2021, which is likely to be 2,35,970 and 3,18,560 respectively. The major assumptions for population projections are:

§                     Being an administrative and tourist city, it is anticipated that the tertiary sector shall continue to function as a dominant sector of economy by year 2021. As a result the workforce participation in this sector will increase

§                     Changing socio-economic scenario and better amenities will act as a pull factor for rural population migrating to the city